Some of the Conditions of Fasting
Brothers in Islam, Remaining are just a few days that will pass in the blink of an eye, then the month of repentance, mercy, goodness, abstinence, generosity and blessings shall come to us. Remaining are a few days that will rapidly fold away, and then by the Will of Allah the Lord of the worlds, the best of all months –Ramadan- will come. O slaves of Allah, the month of Ramadan is a month the pious people await. Men and women await its days and nights to perform more acts of worship therein.
Fasting the month of Ramadan is a great worship. The following Qudsiyy hadith narrated by al-Bukhariyy is sufficient to show the merit of Ramadan:
كلُّ عملِ ابنِ ءادم له إلا الصوم فإنه لي وأنا أَجزِي به
which means : The reward of every good deed is multiplied by ten up to seven-hundred times, except that of the Fasting; it is usually done in sincerity and will be multiplied by as many times as Allah wills.
Fasting Ramadan is among the best acts of obedience, among the greatest deeds, and one of the most important matters of Islam. This is ascertained in the hadith reported by al-Bukhariyy and Muslim which indicates that Islam is based on five important matters; the Prophet counted fasting the month of Ramadan among them.
The integrals of fasting are two:
To make the intention each night to fast the following day of Ramadan.
Making the intention at night to fast the following day of Ramadan means to have the intention in one’s heart to fast during the night preceding the fasting day, i.e., after the sunset and before the dawn of the following day. Sometime during that time, the person must make the intention to fast the following day. This must be done each night for the following day of fasting. As related by at- Tirmidhiyy, an-Nasa‘iyy, and others, the Prophet said:
لا صيام لمن لم يبيت النية
which means: << fasting would be invalid if one does not establish the intention at night>>
The intention is in the heart, and does not have to be uttered with the tongue.
If the menses or the postpartum bleeding of a woman stops at night, then she must intend to fast the following day. The purificatory bath (ghusl) is not required for her to start fasting, but rather to start praying. The intention for fasting a day of Ramadan must take place during the night preceding that day. However, the intention for fasting an optional fasting is extended until Dhuhr time.
2. To abstain, during the time from the dawn until sunset, from inserting any substance into the head or the body cavity through an open inlet, excluding one’s pure, tahir saliva while still inside the mouth and to abstain from sexual intercourse, inducing vomit, and apostasy.
The fasting person must abstain from taking into his body cavity any substance from an open inlet, whether this substance is food, drink, or otherwise. A person’s fast is invalidated if he intentionally inserts such a substance during the fasting day, while remembering he is fasting and knowing that it is unlawful to do so. The open inlets of the body are the mouth, nose, anus, vagina, and the like. Any substance that is absorbed by the pores of the skin does not invalidate the fast, because the pores of the skin are not considered to be an open inlet to the body cavity.
The Muslim must abstain at all times from committing apostasy, i.e., committing any type of blasphemy which takes him out of Islam. Apostasy invalidates Fasting, even if one returns to Islam immediately afterwards. After returning to Islam, One must abstain from eating and other invalidators of Fasting during the whole day. Moreover, one must make up the invalidated day of Fasting after Ramadan.
Finally, we ask Allah – The One who does not resemble the creations – to facilitate for us fasting the holy month of Ramadan, and to benefit us with the the Blessings of the holy month of Ramadan. Ameen