Allah sent the prophets as mercy to the slaves and supported them with miracles to indicate the truthfulness of their message. Of all the prophets, our Prophet Muhammad was blessed with the most miracles. Al-Isra‘ and al-Mi^raj are among the many miracles of Prophet Muhammad.
The miracle of al-Isra‘ is confirmed in the Qur’an. In Surat al-Isra‘, Ayah 1 means: [Praise be to Allah Who enabled His slave, Muhammad, to make the journey at night from Masjid al-Haram in Makkah to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem, which is surrounded with a blessed land.] This journey is also confirmed in the sahih hadith. Moreover, Islamic scholars indicated that the person who denies al-Isra‘ is a blasphemer, for belying the explicit text of the Qur’an.
Before the Prophet took this night journey, the ceiling of the house where he was staying was opened, and Jibril descended. He cut open the chest of Prophet Muhammad and washed that open area with Zamzam water. Following, he emptied something from a container into the chest of the Prophet to add to his wisdom as well and to his belief. This was done to prepare the Messenger of Allah for what he was about to see in the upper world from among the wondrous creations of Allah.
After the Prophet performed the Evening Prayer, Jibril came to him with a white animal. This animal was the buraq, one of the animals of Paradise. Jibril held the buraq by his ear and asked the Prophet to mount it.
The buraq is a very fast animal; the distance travelled with one of the buraq‘s stride is the farthest distance its eye can see. The Prophet and Jibril arrived to a land with palm trees. Jibril told him, “This is Yathrib; this is Taybah.
The buraq continued with the Prophet and Jibril until they reached another place. Jibril informed the Prophet of the name of that place; it was Tur Sina‘.
Once again the buraq took off with the Prophet and Jibril and again it stopped. This was in Bayt Lahm, where Prophet ^Isa (Jesus) was born. Then the buraq continued with the Messenger of Allah until they entered the city of Jerusalem. There the Prophet went to Masjid al-Aqsa where all the Prophets from Adam to ^Isa were gathered. Prophet Muhammad moved forward and led them in prayer.
On Prophet Muhammad’s journey from Masjid al-Haram to Masjid al-Aqsa, Allah enabled the prophet to see some of His wondrous creations. He also saw the world (dunya) in the form of an old woman.
Allah enabled the Prophet to see Iblis in a form different than his original one.
On his journey, the Prophet smelled a very nice fragrance originating from the grave of an upright Muslim lady who used to comb the hair of the Pharaoh’s daughter.
On his trip, the Prophet saw people who were planting and reaping in two days. Jibril told the Prophet, “These are the people who used to fight for the sake of Allah (mujahidun).“
The Prophet also saw people whose lips and tongues were clipped with scissors made of fire. Jibril told the Prophet: “These are the speakers of sedition (fitna) who call people to misguidance.”
He also saw a bull, which exited from a very small outlet, then was trying in vain to return through that small outlet. Jibril told the Prophet: “This is the example of the bad word, once spoken, it cannot be returned.”
The Prophet saw people grazing like animals, with very little clothing on their private parts. Jibril told the Prophet,” These are the ones who refused to pay Zakat.”
The Prophet saw angels smashing some people’s heads with rocks. These heads would return to their original shape, and then the angels would smash their heads again and so on. Jibril told the Prophet, “These are the ones whose heads felt too heavy to get up and perform the obligatory prayer without the presence of a valid excuse.”
On his journey the Prophet saw people who were competing to eat some rotten meat, ignoring other meat that was sliced and unspoiled. Jibril told the Prophet, “These are people from your nation who leave out that which is permissible (halal), and commit that which is forbidden (haram). Those are the fornicators.”
Also, the Prophet saw people who were drinking from the filthy fluids coming from the bodies of the fornicators; (water mixed with blood). Jibril indicated to the Prophet that these were the ones who were drinking alcohol, which is prohibited.
The Prophet saw people scratching their faces and chests with brass fingernails. Jibril said, “These are the ones who commit gossip (ghibah).“
We ask Allah that we would all die as Muslims. We ask Allah to bestow on us the bounty of entering Paradise without torture.